Encyclopedia of the sixties : a decade of culture and counterculture / James S. Baugess and Abbe Allen DeBolt, editors

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Subjects: Counterculture--United States--History--Encyclopedias
Nineteen-sixties--Encyclopedias
Counterculture--History--Encyclopedias
Biography--Encyclopedias
United States--Civilization--20th century--Encyclopedias
United States--History--1961-1969--Encyclopedias
United States--Biography--Encyclopedias
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Published: Santa Barbara, Calif. : Greenwood, c2012
LC Classification: E
Table of Contents: Guide to Related Topics xxiii
Preface xxix
Acknowledgments xxxi
Introduction xxxiii
Chronology of the 1960s xxxvii
Aaron, Hank (1934--) 1
Abbey, Edward (1927--1989) 2
Abernathy, Ralph (1926--1990) 3
Abortion 4
Abzug, Bella (1920--1998) 5
Acid Rock 7
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) 8
Agnew, Spiro Theodore (1918--1996) 9
Albany Movement 11
Albee, Edward (1928--) 13
Aldrin, Edwin "Buzz" (1930--) 14
Ali, Muhammad (1942--) 15
"Alice's Restaurant" (Arlo Guthrie, 1969) 16
Allen, Woody (1935--) 17
Alliance for Progress 18
Altamont (1969) 21
Amazing Mets (1969) 22
American Bandstand (1952--1989) 23
American Communist Party (CPUSA) 24
American Football League (AFL) 26
American Indian Movement (AIM) 27
American University Speech (John F. Kennedy, 1963) 29
Andy Griffith Show, The 30
Angelou, Maya (1928--) 31
Antiballistic Missile (ABM) 32
Antihero 34
Antiwar Movement, United States 35
Antonioni, Michelangelo (1912--2007) 39
Armstrong, Neil (1930--) 40
Ashe, Arthur (1943--1993) 41
Avalon, Frankie (1939--) 42
Avedon, Richard (1923--2004) 43
Avengers, The (1961--1969) 44
Baez, Joan Chandos (1941--) 47
Ball, George Wildman (1909--1994) 49
Ball, Lucille (1911--1989) 51
Barbie 52
Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) 53
Beach Boys, The 55
Beatles, The (1959--1970) 57
Berlin Crisis (1958--1962) 59
Berrigan Brothers: Daniel Berrigan (1921--) and Philip Berrigan (1923--2002) 61
Birmingham, Alabama 62
Birth Control 64
Black Panther Party 65
Black Power 66
Blow-Up (1966) 67
Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice (1969) 68
Bonanza (1959--1973) 69
Bond, Horace Julian (1940--) 70
Bond, James 71
Bonnie and Clyde (1967 73
Bouffant (1960s) 74
Bra Burning 75
Brandt, Willy (1913--1992) 76
Brautigan, Richard (1935--1984) 77
Brezhnev, Leonid Ilich (1906--1982) 78
British Invasion 80
Brooks, Gwendolyn (1917--2000) 81
Brown, H. Rap (1943--) 82
Brown, James (1933--2006) 84
Brown, James Nathaniel (1936--) 86
Bullitt (1968) 86
Bundy Brothers: McGeorge Bundy (1919--1996) and William Bundy (1917--2000) 87
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) 89
Byrds, The (1965--1973) 90
Cabaret (1966) 93
Cage, John (1912--1992) 94
Calder, Alexander (1898--1976) 95
Callas, Maria (1923--1977) 96
Calley, Lt. William L., Jr. (1943--) 98
Camelot (1960) 100
Capote, Truman (1924--1984) 101
Carmichael, Stokely (1941--1998) 102
Carnaby Street 104
Carson, Rachel (1907--1964) 105
Cash, Johnny (1932--2003) 106
Castro, Fidel (1926--) 107
Catch-22 (1961) 109
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (1960--1969) 110
Chamberlain, Wilt (1936--1999) 112
Chavez, Cesar Estrada (1927--1993) 114
Checker, Chubby (1941--) 115
Chicago Seven 115
Child, Julia (1912--2004) 117
Chisholm, Shirley (1924--2005) 118
Civil Disobedience 120
Civil Rights Act of 1960 122
Civil Rights Act of 1964 124
Civil Rights Movement 127
Clark, Dick (1929--) 130
Clean Air Act of 1963 131
Clean Water Act 133
Cleaver, Leroy Eldridge (1935--1998) 135
Clemente, Roberto (1934--1972) 136
Clifford, Clark (1906--1998) 137
Cloward-Piven Strategy 138
Coffin, William Sloane (1924--2006) 139
Collins, Michael (1930--) 140
Coltrane, John William (1926--1967) 142
Columbia University (1968) 143
Commoner, Barry (1917--) 144
Communes 146
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) 147
Cool Hand Luke (1967) 152
Corvair 153
Cosmopolitan magazine 154
Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) (1961) 155
Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young (CSNY) (1968--) 156
Cuban Missile Crisis 157
Dale, Dick (1937--) 161
Daley, Richard J. (1902--1976) 162
Danger Man (1960) 164
Davis, Miles Dewey, III (1926--1991) 165
DDT 166
De Gaulle, Charles (1890--1970) 167
Deloria, Vine, Jr. (1933--2005) 168
Democratic Party (1960--1969) 169
Democratic Party National Convention of 196 172
DeSalvo, Albert (1931--2005) 174
Detroit Riots (1967) 175
Dick, Philip K. (1928--1982) 177
Diem, Ngo Dinh (1901--1963) 178
Diggers, The 180
Dirksen, Everett McKinley (1896--1969) 181
Doors, The 182
Dr. Strangelove, Or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964) 183
Dulles, Allen Welsh (1893--1969) 184
Dylan, Bob (1941--) 185
East Village 189
Eastwood, Clint (1930--) 190
Easy Rider (1969) 191
Ecology 192
Ed Sullivan Show, The (1948--1971) 194
Eisenhower, Dwight David (1890--1969) 195
Eisenhower's Farewell Address 197
Evers, Medgar (1925--1963) 199
Factor, Max (1877--1938) 203
Factory, The 204
Fail-Safe (1964) 205
Fantasticks, The (1960) 206
Farmer, James Leonard, Jr. (1920--1999) 207
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 209
Fellini, Federico (1920--1994) 212
Fiddler on the Roof (1964) 213
Fleming, Peggy (1948--) 214
Fonda, Jane (1937--) 215
Foote, Shelby (1916--2005) 217
Forman, James (1928--2005) 219
Fragging 220
Frankenthaler, Helen (1928--) 221
Franklin, Aretha Louise (1942--) 223
Free Speech Movement (1964) 224
Freedom of Information Act of 1966 226
Freedom Rides (1961) 227
Freedom Summer (1964) 229
Friedan, Betty (1921--2006) 230
Fulbright, James William (1905--1995) 232
Funicello, Annette (1942--) 234
Gagarin, Yuri (1934--1968) 237
Galbraith, John Kenneth (1908--2006) 238
Garrison, Jim (1921--1992) 240
Get Smart (1965--1970) 241
Getz, Stan (1927--1991) 242
Giancana, Sam (1908--1975) 243
Giap, Vo Nguyen (1911--) 245
Gibson, Bob (1935--) 246
G.I. Joe 247
Ginsberg, Allen (1926--1997) 248
Girl from U.N.C.L.E., The (1966--1967) 249
Glassboro Summit (1967) 250
Glenn, John (1921--) 251
Go-Go 252
Godard, Jean-Luc (1930--) 253
Goldwater, Barry (1909--1998) 254
Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. (1964--1969) 256
Graduate, The (1967) 257
Graham, Katharine (1917--2001) 259
Great Society, The 260
Green Berets 265
Green Movement 267
Greening of America, The (1970) 268
Greensboro Sit-In (1960) 269
Griffiths, Martha Wright (1912--2003) 270
Gropius, Walter (1883--1969) 271
Gruening, Ernest Henry (1887--1974) 272
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967) 274
Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (1928--1967) 275
Guthrie, Arlo (1947--) 277
Haggard, Merle (1937--) 279
Haight-Ashbury 280
Hair (1967--1972) 281
Hamer, Fannie Lou (1917--1977) 282
Hanoi Hilton 283
Harriman, William Averell (1891--1986) 285
Harrington, Michael (1928--1989) 286
Head Start (1965) 288
Hee Haw (1969--1993) 289
Height, Dorothy Irene (1912--2010) 289
Hello, Dolly! (1964) 291
Hendrix, Jimi (1942--1970) 292
Hepburn, Audrey (1929--1993) 293
Hippies and the Counterculture Movement 294
Hoffa, James Riddle (1913--c. 1975) 296
Hoffman, Abbie (1936--1989) 298
Hootenannies 299
Humphrey, Hubert (1911--1978) 300
Hustler, The (1961) 303
"I Have a Dream" Speech (Martin Luther King Jr., 1963) 305
I Spy (1965--1968) 307
"Ich Bin Ein Berliner" Speech (John F. Kennedy, 1963) 308
Immigration and Naturalization Amendment Acts of 1965 309
In the Heat of the Night (1967) 310
"Is God Dead?" (Time magazine, 1966) 311
Jackson, Jesse (1941--) 315
Jesus Movement 316
Job Corps (1964) 317
John XXIII, Blessed Pope (1881--1963) 319
Johns, Jasper (1930--) 321
Johnson, Claudia Alta Taylor (1912--2007) 323
Johnson, Lyndon Baines (1908--1973) 324
Joplin, Janis (1943--1970) 327
Judd, Donald (1928--1994) 329
Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) 330
Kennedy, Edward Moore (1932--2009) 333
Kennedy, John F. (1917--1963) 335
Kennedy, Robert F. (1925--1968) 338
Kennedy's Inaugural Address (1961) 340
Kerner Commission (1968) 341
Kerouac, Jack (1922--1969) 342
Kesey, Ken (1935--2001) 343
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich (1894--1971) 345
King, Billie Jean (1943--) 346
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929--1968) 347
Kinks, The 350
Kissinger, Henry (1923--) 350
Kosygin, Alexei (1904--1980) 352
Kozol, Jonathan (1936--) 354
Kubrick, Stanley (1928--1999) 355
Ky, Nguyen Cao (1930--2011) 356
La Dolce Vita (1960) 359
Lansdale, Edward G. (1908--1987) 361
Laver, Rod (1938--) 362
Lawrence of Arabia (1962) 363
Lawrence Welk Show, The (1955--1971) 364
Leary, Timothy (1920--1996) 365
Lewis, Jerry Lee (1935--) 367
Liberation Theology 368
Lichtenstein, Roy (1923--1997) 370
Life magazine (1936--1972) 372
Liuzzo, Viola (1925--1965) 373
Lodge, Henry Cabot (1902--1985) 375
Lolita (1955) 377
Lombardi, Vince (1913--1970) 378
Lowell, Robert (1917--1977) 379
Lowenstein, Allard K. (1929--1980) 380
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) 381
Lynn, Loretta (1932--) 382
Lyon, Sue (1946--) 383
Maddox, Lester Garfield (1921--2003) 385
Malcolm X (1925--1965) 386
Man from U.N.C.L.E., The (1964--1968) 388
Man of La Mancha (1965) 389
Mansfield, Jayne (1933--1967) 390
Mansfield, Michael Joseph (1903--2001) 391
Manson, Charles (1934--) 392
Mao Zedong (1893--1976) 393
March on Washington (1963) 395
March on Washington (1968) 396
March to Selma (1965) 398
Marijuana 400
Marshall, Thurgood (1908--1993) 401
Marxists in South America 402
Masters and Johnson (Bill Masters and Virginia Johnson) 403
Max, Peter (1937--) 404
Mays, Willie (1931--) 406
McCarthy, Eugene Joseph (1916--2005) 407
McCloy, John Jay (1895--1989) 409
McCone, John Alexander (1902--1991) 410
McDonald, Joseph "Country Joe" (1942--) 411
Means, Russell (1939--) 412
Medicare/Medicaid (1965) 413
Meredith, James (1933--) 415
Merrick, David (1911--2000) 417
Mexico City Riots (1968) 418
Midnight Cowboy (1969) 420
Minh, Ho Chi (1890--1969) 421
Minimalism 423
Mini-Midi-Maxi Dress 424
Mink, Patsy Takemoto (1927--2002) 425
Miranda Decision (1966) 426
Miss America (1960--1969) 427
Mississippi Burning Murders (1964) 429
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) 432
Mitchell, Joni (1943--) 433
Model Cities Program (1966) 434
Monkees, The (1966--1970) 435
Monroe, Marilyn (1926--1962) 436
Montagnards 437
Monterey Pop Festival (1967) 439
Moon Rocks 439
Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam (1969) 441
Morris, Willie (1934--1999) 441
Motley, Constance Baker (1921--2005) 443
Motown 444
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick (1927--2003) 445
My Lai (1968) 447
NAACP (1960--1969) 449
Nader, Ralph (1934--) 453
Namath, Joe (1943--) 454
Napalm 455
National Organization for Women (NOW) 458
National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) (1971) 459
New Frontier, The 461
New York World's Fair (1964--1965) 463
Newton, Huey (1942--1989) 466
Nicklaus, Jack (1940--) 467
Night of the Living Dead (1968) 468
Nixon, Richard Milhous (1913--1994) 469
Nixon-Kennedy Debates (1960) 477
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963) 479
Nuclear Testing 480
Ochs, Philip David (1940--1976) 483
Oh! Calcutta! (1969) 484
Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) 485
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1962) 486
Op Art 487
Operation Mongoose (1961--1962) 489
Operation Phoenix (1967) 490
Operation Rolling Thunder (1965--1968) 491
Orbison, Roy Kelton (1936--1988) 492
Oswald, Lee Harvey (1939--1963) 493
Owens, Buck (1929--2006) 495
Palmer, Arnold (1929--) 497
Paper Clothing 498
Paris Peace Talks (1968--1973) 499
Paul VI, Pope (1897--1978) 501
Peace Sign 504
Peanuts (1950--2000) 505
Pei, I.M. (1917--) 505
Pentagon Papers (1971) 507
Pepsi Generation, The 509
Performance Art 510
Peter, Paul, and Mary (1962--2009) 511
Planet of the Apes (1968) 512
Playboy magazine 513
Pleiku 514
Polanski, Roman (1933--) 515
Polaroid 516
Poor People's Campaign (1967) 517
Pop Art 519
Powers, Francis Gary (1929--1977) 521
Prague Spring Movement (1968) 522
President's Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW) (1963) 524
Presidential Election of 1960 525
Presidential Election of 1964 527
Presidential Election of 1968 529
Presley, Elvis (1935--1977) 532
Price, Mary Violet Leontyne (1927--) 533
Prisoner, The (1966) 534
Producers, The (1968) 535
Project Apollo 536
Project Gemini 538
Project Mercury 540
Protest Music 543
Psychedelic 544
Psycho (1960) 545
Pueblo Incident (1968) 547
Ramparts magazine (1962--1975) 549
Randolph, Asa Philip (1889--1979) 550
Rat Pack 551
Reagan, Ronald Wilson (1911--2004) 552
Reagan's Speech on Behalf of Barry Goldwater: "A Time for Choosing" 553
Republican Party (1960--1969) 555
Reuther, Walter P. (1907--1970) 561
Rigg, Diana (1938--) 562
Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich (1908--1979) 563
Roddenberry, Gene (1921--1991) 565
Rolling Stones, The 566
Romeo and Juliet (1968) 568
Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884--1962) 569
Rosemary's Baby (1968) 570
Rostow, Walt Whitman (1916--2003) 571
Roszak, Theodore (1933--2011) 573
Ruby, Jack (1911--1967) 574
Rudolph, Wilma (1940--1994) 576
Rusk, Dean (1909--1994) 576
Russell, William Felton (1934--) 578
Rustin, Bayard (1910--1987) 580
Saint, The (1962--1969) 581
Sassoon, Vidal (1928--) 582
Savio, Mario (1942--1996) 583
Schaeffer, Francis (1912--1984) 584
Schlafly, Phyllis (1924--) 585
School Prayer 586
Seeger, Pete (1919--) 588
Segal, George (1924--2000) 589
Selective Service 590
Sesame Street 592
17th Parallel 593
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967) 594
Shankar, Ravi (1920--) 595
Shepard, Alan (1923--1998) 596
Shriver, Robert Sargent (1915--2011) 597
Shuttlesworth, Fred (1922--2011) 599
Sierra Club 600
Silent Majority 601
Silent Spring (1962) 602
Simon and Garfunkel 604
Single Bullet Theory 605
Sirhan, Sirhan (1944--) 607
Six-Day War (June 5--10, 1967) 608
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill 613
Slaughterhouse-Five (1969) 615
Sly and the Family Stone 615
Smith, Margaret Chase (1897--1995) 616
Smithson, Robert (1938--1973) 617
Smothers Brothers 619
Snyder, Gary (1930--) 620
Sound of Music, The (1965) 621
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) 622
Space Race 625
Spaghetti Westerns 627
Spelling, Aaron (1923--2006) 628
Spock, Benjamin (1903--1998) 629
Star Trek (1966--1969) 631
Steinem, Gloria (1934--) 632
Stella, Frank (1936--) 634
Stonewall 636
Stranger in a Strange Land (1961) 637
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) 638
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) 639
Summer of Love/San Francisco (1967) 641
Surfing 642
Susann, Jacqueline (1918--1974) 643
Taylor, Maxwell (1901--1987) 645
Teach-In: University of Michigan (1965) 646
Tet Offensive (1968) 647
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969) 649
Thieu, Nguyen Van (1924--2001) 651
Tito, Josip Broz (1892--1980) 652
To Kill a Mockingbird (1960 653
To Sir, with Love (1967) 654
Topless Bathing Suit 655
Transcendental Meditation (TM) 656
True Grit (1969) 657
Truffaut, Francois (1932--1984) 659
Twiggy (1949--) 661
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 662
U-2 Incident 665
Unitas, Johnny (1933--2002) 666
United Farm Workers (UFW) 667
United Klans of America (UKA) 669
Unsafe at Any Speed (1965) 670
USS Liberty 671
"V" Sign 673
Vatican Council II/Second Vatican Council (1962--1965) 674
Venturi, Robert Charles (1925--) 679
Vienna Summit (1961) 681
Viet Cong 682
Viet Minh 685
Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) 687
Vietnam War (1960--1975) 688
Vietnamization 706
Voting Rights Act of 1965 708
Vreeland, Diana (1906--1989) 709
War on Poverty 711
Warhol, Andy (1928--1987) 713
Warren Commission (1962--1964) 714
Watts Riots (1965) 716
Wayne, John (1907--1979) 717
West Side Story (1957--1961) 718
White Citizens' Councils 720
Who, The (1964--1978) 721
Wild Bunch, The (1969) 722
Women's International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell (WITCH) 723
Woodstock (1969) 724
Wynette, Tammy (1942--1998) 726
Yippies (Youth International Party) 729
Young Americans for Freedom (YAF) 730
Young, Andrew (1932--) 733
Youth Culture 735
Zumwalt, Elmo, Jr. (1920--2000) 739
Annotated Bibliography 741
About the Editors and Contributors 829
Index 839
Additional Authors: Baugess, James S
DeBolt, Abbe Allen
Notes: LCCN: 2011031666
ISBN: 9780313329449 (set : alk. paper)
ISBN: 0313329443 (set : alk. paper)
ISBN: 9780313329456 (v. 1 : alk. paper)
ISBN: 0313329451 (v. 1 : alk. paper)
ISBN: 9780313329463 (v. 2 : alk. paper)
ISBN: 031332946X (v. 2 : alk. paper)
Invalid ISN: 9781440801020 (ebook (set))
ISBN:
Invalid ISN: 1440801029 (ebook (set))
Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents: V. 1. A-M -- v. 2. N-Z
Physical Description: 2 v. (xliv, 871 p.) : ill. ; 26 cm
OCLC Number: 729344441
ISBN/ISSN: 9780313329449
0313329443
9780313329456
0313329451
9780313329463
031332946X
9781440801020
1440801029

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