Articulation and phonology resource guide for school-age children and adults / Ann Bosma Smit

Author(s): Smit, Ann Bosma
Location:
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Subjects: Articulation disorders
Articulation disorders in children
Speech therapy
English language--Phonology
Formats: Print
Material Type: Books
Language: English
Audience: Unspecified
Published: Australia ; Clifton Park, NY : Thomson Delmar Learning, c2004
Series: Singular resource guide series
LC Classification: R, RC
Table of Contents: Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Dedication
Sect. 1. Core Knowledge 1
Definitions Relating to Speech Sound Production 2
Demographics 2
The Tools of the SLP Trade 2
Concepts from Phonology 11
Speech Articulation 15
Assessment Concepts 21
Remediation Concepts 30
Sect. 2. Effective Assessment of Speech Sound Disorders 35
Professional Standards for Diagnostic Evaluations 36
The Case History 36
Assessing Speech Sound Production 38
Non-Standardized Linguistic Analyses 39
Standardized Test Instruments 39
Measures Based on Connected Speech 40
Measuring Intelligibility 40
Measuring Severity 43
Percent of Consonants Correct (PCC) 44
Error Patterns in Connected Speech 46
Evaluating Other Aspects of Communication 47
The Search for Causal Correlates 48
Possible Dyspraxic Elements 49
Prognostic Indicators 50
Interpretation of Diagnostic Results 54
Recommendations 55
Sect. 3. Assessment: The Early School-Age Child with Poor Intelligibility 57
Independent Analyses 58
Relational Analyses 63
Measuring Intelligibility and Severity in Young Children 70
Related Variables 70
Prognostic Indicators in the Young Child 71
Psychosocial Issues 73
Phonological Awareness 73
Sect. 4. Assessment of School-Age Children and Adults Who Have Residual Errors 75
Residual Speech Sound Errors in Children 76
The Natural History of Residual Errors 76
Speech Sound Errors in Adults 78
Assessment of Speech Sound Production in School-Age Children 78
Interpretation of Assessment Results 89
Ongoing Assessment During Intervention 89
Assessing the Speech of Older Children and Adults 89
Motivation in Teenagers and Adults 90
Sect. 5. Maximizing Outcomes in Treatment of Speech Sound Disorders 93
Some General Principles for Intervention 94
The Structure of Intervention 98
Important Concepts for the Generalization Phase of Intervention 103
Issues in Acquiring New Motor Speech Skills 106
The Role of Parents (and Others) in Intervention for Speech Sound Disorders 107
Sect. 6. Intervention for Early School-Age Children with Phonological Disorders 109
Orientation to Treating Children Who Are Poorly Intelligible 110
Determining Goals and Objectives 115
Intervention Procedures 119
Documenting Progress 128
Dismissal Criteria 129
Efficacy of Phonological Intervention 130
Sect. 7. Treatment of Children Who Have Phonological Disorders 131
Setting Goals 132
The Establishment (Elicitation) Phase 132
The Generalization Phase 140
The Maintenance Phase 146
Novel Approaches to Intervention for Residual Errors 146
Documenting Progress 147
Sect. 8. Applications to Particular Populations: Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia, English as a Second Language, and Developmental Delay 149
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia 150
Children and Adults Who Speak English as a Second Language 170
Children with Developmental Delay 178
Sect. 9. Case Studies 183
Case I. Choosing an Evaluation Focus - An Early School-Age Child 183
Case II. Choosing an Evaluation Focus - An Elementary School-Age Child 185
Case III. Results of Evaluation of a Child with a Phonological Disorder 186
Case IV. Documenting Progress in Phonological Intervention 188
Case V. An Articulation Difficulty with an Unusual Effect on Prosody 192
Case VI. When intervention Does Not Seem to Work 193
Case VII. A Case of Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia 195
Case VIII. A Case of Developmental Delay and Phonological Problems 205
Case IX. A Case of "Terminal /r/" and Intelligibility Problems 206
Case X. A Case of Developmental Delay in a Child with Second Language Issues 208
Case XI. Evaluation of a Complicated Case Including English as a Second Language 209
App. A: Evaluating Success 215
App. B. Materials Useful for Older School-Age-Clients and for Adults Who Speak English as a Second Language 233
Glossary 253
References 263
Index 273
Notes: LCCN: 2003055605
ISBN: 0769300758
Includes bibliographical references (p. 263-272) and index
Physical Description: xv, 283 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
OCLC Number: 52749872
ISBN/ISSN: 0769300758

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